Wrinkles are the prominent lines and creases that form on your skin as you get older. Some wrinkles can become deep crevices or furrows, some are especially noticeable around your eyes, mouth and neck. Wrinkles come as a natural part of aging, but they’re most prominent on skin that’s been exposed greatly to the sun, areas such as the face, neck, hands and forearms are often the most wrinkled parts of the body.
Although genetics are the most important detail that determine skin structure and texture, sun exposure is one of the most daunting contributor to wrinkles. Environmental exposure, such as to heat, wind and dust, as well as smoking, also may contribute to wrinkling. If your wrinkles bother you, you have more options than ever to help eliminate or at least diminish their appearance. Medications, skin-resurfacing techniques, fillers, injectables and surgery top the list of effective wrinkle treatments.
When to see a doctor
If you’re concerned about the appearance of your skin, see a dermatologist. He or she can help you create a personalized skin care plan by assessing your skin type and evaluating your skin’s condition. A dermatologist can also recommend medical wrinkle treatments.
As you get older, you’ll find your skin naturally becomes less elastic and more fragile, more wrinkled. Decreased production of your skins natural oils makes your skin drier and appear more wrinkled than it should. Fat that is in the deeper layers of your skin that gives the skin a plump appearance, starts to diminish as well.
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light
Ultraviolet radiation greatly increases and speeds up the natural aging process of your skin, and is the primary cause of early wrinkling. Exposure to UV light breaks down your skin’s connective tissue collagen and elastin fibers, which lie in the deeper layer of skin called the dermis. Without the supportive and important connective tissues, your skin loses its ability to bounce back and it’s flexibility. As a result, skin begins to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
Smoking can accelerate the normal aging process of your skin, contributing to wrinkles. This may be due to changes in the blood supply to your skin.
Repeated facial expressions
Facial movements and expressions, such as squinting or smiling, lead to fine lines and wrinkles on your face, neck, and forehead. Each time you use a facial muscle you’ll notice a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. And as skin continues to age it loses its flexibility and is no longer able to spring back in place like it once could. These grooves then become permanent features on your face as a wrinkle.